Human Motivation

Human Motivation

Human Motivation

Human Motivation

Synopsis

Weiner introduces -- and offers his own motivation for producing - - this most impressive work with the following:

There are two distinct approaches to the study of motivation. One stratagem is a product of academic, experimental procedures, while the second is an outgrowth of clinical, non-experimental methods. Each of the approaches has unique advantages and disadvantages. But all investigators in this field are guided by a single basic question, namely, "Why do organisms think and behave as they do?"

To help answer that basic question, Human Motivation presents an entire range of motivation studies -- from psychoanalytic, social learning and humanistic theory; to social facilitation, arousal, emotions, personal responsibility, and the irrationality of attributions; through chapterand verse of Hullian and Lewinian theory.

Excerpt

This book represents a major revision of my earlier work, Theories of Motivation: From Mechanism to Cognition. A number of shortcomings in the previous book became increasingly evident to me. First of all, there were serious omissions. Second, there has been much new knowledge since the inception of the prior book, so that it was becoming outdated. And finally, I was dissatisfied with some of the writing, feeling that parts of the book were needlessly complex and that certain topics did not deserve the space that they were allotted.

A revision, therefore, was initiated. I attempted to fill some of the gaps by including chapters on psychoanalytic, social learning, and humanistic theory. Furthermore, other topics that could have been discussed within the outline of Theories of Motivation but were neglected are incorporated into the present volume. These topics include, for example, social facilitation, arousal, emotions, personal responsibility, and the irrationality of attributions. In addition to this new material, I updated the ideas examined in Theories of Motivation. Little could be altered in the sections on Hullian and Lewinian theory, for these conceptions are no longer undergoing modification. The discussion of these theories was merely shortened and simplified, bringing them more in line with their current influence in psychology. But achievement and attribution theories have changed in the past years -- or at least our understanding in these areas has changed -- and discussion of these topics was greatly altered.

To document the extent of the alterations that were made, I compared references in this book with those in Theories of Motivation. Theories of Motivation has about 400 references, while Human Motivation has more than 600 references. Of these 600, fewer than 33 per cent were included in the prior book.

The audience for Human Motivation is advanced undergraduates and graduate students enrolled in a motivation course. I have assumed some psychological knowledge on the part of the reader. In addition, there is much discussion of material relevant to personality. Hence, the book can be used as either the main or supplementary text in a person-

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