The United States Labor Force: A Descriptive Analysis

The United States Labor Force: A Descriptive Analysis

The United States Labor Force: A Descriptive Analysis

The United States Labor Force: A Descriptive Analysis

Synopsis

The United States labor force is examined in detail in this comprehensive study. The history and current makeup of the labor force is revealed and issues and trends are investigated. The book begins with a discussion of the development of the workforce, the impact of immigration, the rise of nontraditional work arrangements, the underground economy, and demographics. Education is examined in part two. Career choices, unions, wage determination, women and minority issues, and unemployment are considered in later chapters. It concludes with a look at the government's role in the workforce, including welfare, social insurance, and health care and shows how these programs impact both employer and worker behavior. This book is a great resource for executives, human resource professionals, researchers, policy makers, and students.

Excerpt

During the twentieth century recognition of the contributions of the labor force of a society to its economic well-being became widely recognized. This understanding has led to interest in developing knowledge concerning the portion of the population that is involved and the factors which affect the numbers and the quality of participants. Recognition of the importance of human factors in productivity of the society has also led to greater willingness to invest in education and to protect the health and economic stability of workers through various pieces of legislation.

Labor force studies (known as manpower studies before feminism made this term unacceptable) tend to be descriptive as opposed to theoretical in nature, and designed to tell us the present state of affairs in relation to such topics as level and nature of union organization, types of work arrangements, levels and types of wages and salary modes, the nature and levels of current unemployment, and the role played by the country's income transfer system (social insurances and social welfare programs) in affecting both employment and unemployment.

Labor force studies are prone to show how each of the aspects of employment traditionally discussed tends to impact other aspects. Thus, the level of wages in a given community are believed to affect the size of the labor force, but so also do the social insurance and social welfare arrangements, as well as the current levels of immigration. the density of labor union organization is believed to affect both the level of wages of members, but also the wage and salary levels of non-members in the same establishment and in other establishments in the same and other industries. and the new work arrangements, (such as the rise of the contingent workforce) are shown to have been influenced by the costs of benefits, both voluntary and mandated.

This book describes the U.S. labor force according to the series of commonly utilized dimensions alluded to above, utilizing accessible English, and reference to theory where helpful. Because various topics discussed, for example, current educational needs, from high technology PhDs down to vocational education . . .

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