Types of Ethical Theory - Vol. 2

Types of Ethical Theory - Vol. 2

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Types of Ethical Theory - Vol. 2

Types of Ethical Theory - Vol. 2

Read FREE!

Excerpt

The key to the ancient philosophy is found, as we have seen, in a distinction which our language does not enable us accurately to express: viz. between εἰ + ̑ναι and γίγνεσθαι,--Seyn and Werden,--absolute existence and relative phenomena. By unanimous agreement, the whole sphere of things was competed for by these sole claimants; and to adjust their respective rights constituted the great problem of the Hellenic schools. While Zeno and Parmenides put all their ith in the real ontological ground of the universe, and disparaged phenomena except as the manifestation of this, Protagoras made phenomena every thing, and denied that they opened a way to any ulterior region; and Plato and Aristotle vindicated, though in different ways, a place for both, and sought to define the relation between them. But, under every variety of doctrine, this twofold distribution,-- into that which ever is and that which transiently appears,-- was assumed as exhaustive and ultimate. It was moreover omnipresent, running through the whole realm of space and time, and reappearing in all objects. There was nowhere any separating line, and never any dividing date, on one side of which lay the eternal entities, while on the other were the successive phenomena; but both were blended in . . .

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