The present work is related in many respects to material already collected among the Chippewa. The study of tribal songs led to a friendliness with the people and a willingness on their part to give information concerning their customs.
A study of the Chippewa Indians was begun by the writer in 1905. The villages at Grand Portage and Grand Marais, on the north shore of Lake Superior, were visited, specimens and data were collected, and at the former place an interesting ceremony was witnessed. The following year a trip was made to a primitive group of Chippewa living on Vermilion Lake, and to the Leech Lake and White Earth Reservations in Minnesota. The study of Chippewa music for the Bureau of American Ethnology was begun in 1907. The material herewith presented was collected on the White Earth, Red Lake, Cass Lake, Leech Lake, and Mille Lac Reservations in Minnesota, the Lac Court Oreilles Reservation in Wisconsin, and the Manitou Rapids Reserve in Ontario, Canada, the work continuing until 1925. (Fig. 1.)
The writer gratefully acknowledges the faithfulness of her Chippewa friends and especially the assistance of her principal interpreter, Mrs. Mary Warren English, which began in 1907 and continued during the work at White Earth. Assistance has also been received from members of the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology and the United States National Museum, in their special fields of research.
The work on the Manitou Rapids Reserve in Ontario and with Canadian Chippewa summoned from Couchiching village was made possible by the courtesy of John P. Wright, Indian agent of the Canadian Government at Fort Frances, Ontario.
To all those who contributed to the result of the present undertaking the writer expresses her appreciative gratitude.