Advanced Abnormal Child Psychology

Advanced Abnormal Child Psychology

Advanced Abnormal Child Psychology

Advanced Abnormal Child Psychology

Synopsis

There was a time when abnormal child psychology was the stepchild of abnormal psychology, with perhaps one or two chapters in an entire advanced textbook devoted to children. Given the explosive amount of new research on child development in general since the 1980s, "stepchild" is obviously no longer a valid characterization. Indeed, in the last 15 years, many new journals devoted to childhood problems have made their appearance on library bookshelves. The first edition of this book was assembled in an effort to integrate the empirical and clinical literatures and show the advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate student the breadth and depth of our existing knowledge about the disorders that manifest themselves early in development. Now, since its publication in 1995, a great deal more work has been done. This revised and expanded second edition includes much new material from the first edition authors and from several new ones, all respected experts in the field. Part I offers an overview. It outlines: *historical developments with documentation of the neglect and abuse that children suffered at the hands of society well into the 20th century; *developmental psychopathology as a theoretical framework to guide research and clinical efforts; *psychophysiological determinants of behavior, with special attention focused on childhood autism, and attention deficit and antisocial conduct disorders; *theoretical, methodological, and practical considerations involved in determining investigatory paths including sampling, design selection, measurement, data analysis, and pragmatics; and *the reactions of children, families, and society to complex and diverse child health problems. Part II addresses assessment and treatment issues. It discusses: *behavioral treatment of childhood disorders and multiple case examples of commonly used techniques; *new developments in pharmacological treatment and sound guidelines for the consideration of pharmacotherapy; and *formulations and a review of preventive interventions. Part III examines specific disorders of childhood and adolescence. It discusses: *anxiety disorders, affective and mood disorders, mental retardation, autism, specific developmental disorders, conduct disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and eating disorders; *psychological aspects of pediatric disorders--interventions tailored to the needs of the child and family to maximize adaptation and recovery; and *substance use disorders--ranging from models emphasizing social influences to those focusing on biological vulnerabilities. Each chapter in Part III has an identical structure--clinical description, causes, course, familial contributions, psychological and genetic influences, current treatments, summary--and includes numerous case illustrations.

Excerpt

There was a time when abnormal child psychology was the stepchild of abnormal psychology, with perhaps one or two chapters in an entire advanced textbook devoted to children. Given the explosive amount of new research on child development in general since the 1980s, the "stepchild" is obviously no longer a valid characterization. Indeed, in the last 15 years, many new journals devoted to childhood problems have made their appearance on library bookshelves. Although several books reviewing childhood problems were published, none, in our opinion, had sufficient breadth to show the advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate student the extent of our existing knowledge base concerning the disorders that manifest themselves early in development. Therefore, we undertook the task of assembling the first edition of this text, in an effort to integrate the empirical and clinical literatures. Since its publication in 1995, a great deal more work has been done.

This revised and expanded second edition includes much new material from the first edition authors and from three new ones, all respected experts in the field. It is divided into three parts, each preceded by a unifying introduction based on material in the chapter and the authors' conclusions. In Part I, General Issues, students are given a firm grounding and meaningful context for the information presented in parts II and III. Chapter 1 (Historical Overview) reviews the historical developments, essentially documenting both the neglect and abuse that children suffered at the hands of society well into the 20th century. Chapter 2 (Diagnosis and Classification) reviews the salient issues relating to classification and diagnosis of childhood disorders, including new developments in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.). Chapter 3 (Epidemiologic Considerations) familiarizes the student with epidemiologic principles. Chapter 4 (Development and Psychopathology) underscores how developmental psychopathology provides a theoretical framework that can guide research and clinical efforts. Chapter 5 (Psychophysiological Research on Childhood Psychopathology) looks at psychophysiological determinants of behavior, with special attention focused on childhood autism, attention deficit disorder, and antisocial/conduct disorder. Chapter 6 (Familial Determinants) carefully looks at the evidence detailing familial factors that are contributory to child psychopathology. Chapter 7 (Research Strategies in Child Psychopathology) reviews the theoretical, methodological, and practical considerations involved in determining the course a researcher will take when investigating a problem in child psychopathology. Finally . . .

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