Situation Awareness: Analysis and Measurement

Situation Awareness: Analysis and Measurement

Situation Awareness: Analysis and Measurement

Situation Awareness: Analysis and Measurement

Synopsis

Situation Awareness Analysis and Measurement provides a comprehensive overview of different approaches to the measurement of situation awareness in experimental and applied settings. Creating system designs and training programs to enhance situation awareness is a key goal in the development of systems in such widely ranging fields as aviation, advanced transportation programs, command and control, process control, and medicine. This book directly tackles the problem of ensuring that system designs and training programs are effective at promoting situation awareness. Situation Awareness Analysis and Measurement is the first book to provide a comprehensive coverage of situation awareness and its measurement. Topics addressed provide a detailed analysis of the use of a wide variety of techniques for measuring situation awareness and situation assessment processes. It will provide a rich resource for engineers and human factors psychologists involved in designing and evaluating systems in many domains.

Excerpt

The evolution of situation awareness (SA) as a major area of study within human factors research has followed a consistent and steady upward trend since the 1980s. As designers in the aerospace industry struggled to provide pilots with this elusive commodity, a need surfaced to understand how pilots gathered, sorted, and processed great stores of information in their dynamic environments. Pilots could explain their need for SA and its importance to them, but little else was known about how to create cockpit designs that supported SA. Many new technologies were nonetheless being proposed for enhancing SA, thus the need also existed for evaluation of the effects of these technologies on SA in order to address this need properly in the system design process.

From this beginning, the early seeds of SA as an area of study were formed in the late 1980s. The foundations of a theory of how people acquired and maintained SA have developed and along with it, several methods for measuring SA in system design evaluation. The 1990s have seen the expansion of this early work to include many other domains and research objectives. From its beginnings in the cockpit realm, more recent work has expanded to include air traffic control, medicine, control rooms, ground transportation, maintenance, space, and education. Research objectives have also expanded from one of system design and evaluation to focuses on training, selection, and more basic research on the cognitive processes themselves. These extensions have shown us both how ubiquitous SA is and how elusive it can be.

Significant efforts have been put forth to develop an understanding of SA. Progress in this area largely depends on the development of a solid body of conceptual and methodological knowledge on how to measure SA. The systematic assessment of SA is a necessary precursor to testing developing theories of SA, exploring factors related to individual differences in . . .

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