Technology Transfer in International Business

Technology Transfer in International Business

Technology Transfer in International Business

Technology Transfer in International Business

Synopsis

This is a book on the means by which technological knowledge is transferred from countries that develop it to those that need it, but have not yet been able to develop it on their own. The focus is on the transfer of technology from Western countries to Asian countries.

Excerpt

Technology Transfer in International Business is a book about the parallels that occur (both at a microorganizational level and at a broader macroeconomic level) between actions and transactions commonly thought to be the realm of international business; and the products, processes, and people comprising technology transfer. We have brought together a diverse group of scholars in this edited volume, who are extremely interested in, and puzzled by, the overlaps between international business and technology transfer.

Historically, international business has not been coupled with technology transfer, simply because researchers and practitioners have found each of the two phenomena to be sufficiently complex so as not to widen the net to encompass both. We take a somewhat different approach in this book, following the trend in both the practitioner as well as the research literature toward globalization of the economy; as well as the globalization of business organizations, people, and technologies. We view international technology transfer as an integral part of international business. Accordingly, we have amassed a group of scholars who have thought seriously about both international business and technology transfer. Their contributions are myriad and weave a pattern of considerable complexity, yet the general picture is simple. For we believe that put together, these studies show that international technology transfer and international business are synonymous. Toward that end, we take a quick glance at the authors and their topics, which reveals a highly integrated picture. in Chapter 1, Denis Simon discusses the changing global environment for international technology transfer. This is followed by Chapter 2, contributed by Steven Kobrin, who writes on global integration and its implications for technology development. Chapter 3 is Alexander Good's analysis of the role that governments play in technology transfer and international business. Chapter 4 is contributed by Raj Aggarwal, who discusses the historical roots of technology transfer and economic growth patterns. These three chapters comprise the first part of the book.

Chapter 5 begins the second part, by which we specify the conditions that allow technology transfer to occur. Yair Aharoni discusses education and technology transfer. Chapter 6 is Everett Rogers and Tom Valente's contribution that focuses on technology transfer in high-technology industries. Chapter 7 is offered by Vladimir Pucik, who concentrates on the organizational implications of international strategic alliances in high- technology organizations.

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