Francis Bacon's Philosophy of Science: An Account and a Reappraisal

Francis Bacon's Philosophy of Science: An Account and a Reappraisal

Francis Bacon's Philosophy of Science: An Account and a Reappraisal

Francis Bacon's Philosophy of Science: An Account and a Reappraisal

Synopsis

Bacon's scientific method is commonly thought to proceed mechanically to its infallible end. In this book however, Urbach presents Bacon's philosophy in an alternative light which acquits him of several errors. Urbach describes Bacon as an experimental scientist and examines the criticisms made against him, one of which was that he did not understand the roles of mathematics and science. Bacon was not a traditional metaphysician and was alarmed at the lack of progress in science since ancient times, especially the lack of practical results. He attempted to open up a middle path between practical experience and unsupported theorizing. The author intends to clarify rather than defend Bacon's work.

Excerpt


Bacon's Life and Writings

Si tabula daretur digna, animum (If one could but paint his mind!) (Nicholas Hilliard)

A Brief Survey of Bacon's Life

Francis Bacon was born on 22 January 1561, or 1560 by a convention of the time which reckoned 25 March as the start of the civil year. He died on Easter morning, 1626, having achieved fame and distinction in politics, the law, letters, and philosophy.

Bacon was descended from a very distinguished family. His father, Sir Nicholas Bacon, was one of Queen Elizabeth's most eminent councillors, occupying the office of Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, while his mother was an accomplished scholar, related, by the marriage of her sister, to Sir William Cecil (later Lord Burleigh), the Queen's Secretary of State.

Bacon attended Trinity College, Cambridge, from the age of twelve, a little earlier than was normal, and he studied there for . . .

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