Age of Surrealism

Age of Surrealism

Age of Surrealism

Age of Surrealism

Excerpt

The word surrealism , although it has only very recently entered the language of dictionaries, already designates an historical period. It has one closed and confining use to describe the artistic movement centering in Paris in the years between the two World Wars, 1919- 1939. In the 20's and the 30's, surrealism was an organized movement, iconoclastic and revolutionary in nature, with its leaders and disciples, its manifestoes and publications, its exhibitions and even its street brawls. It became international during those years to such an extent that fourteen countries were represented in its 1938 exhibition.

But surrealism has another meaning, perhaps even an eternal meaning, and a context far wider than that of the André Breton group which chronologically succeeded dadaism about 1924. This book has been so devised as to maintain some manner of just proportion between the historical achievement of the literal 20th century surrealism and its profounder and more philosophical meaning. Some of the chapters, then, will deal with the selfappointed exponents of the school, such as Breton and Eluard. Other chapters will be concerned with artists who were close to surrealism and yet never actively participated . . .

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