China and Her Political Entity: A Study of China's Foreign Relations with Reference to Korea, Manchuria and Mongolia

China and Her Political Entity: A Study of China's Foreign Relations with Reference to Korea, Manchuria and Mongolia

China and Her Political Entity: A Study of China's Foreign Relations with Reference to Korea, Manchuria and Mongolia

China and Her Political Entity: A Study of China's Foreign Relations with Reference to Korea, Manchuria and Mongolia

Excerpt

"The policy of the United States ", declared John Hay as Secretary of State, "is to preserve the territorial and administrative entity of China". This celebrated declaration was made at the height of the Boxer Rebellion of 1900, when there was a general apprehension that some powers might seize the opportunity to precipitate anew the scramble for Chinese territory that had occurred two years previously.

The Boxer Rebellion ended with Russia in military occupation of Manchuria, and this in turn led directly to the intervention of Japan in 1904 and to the subsequent transfer to the latter of the lease of Port Arthur and Talienwan, together with the section of the Southern Manchurian branch of the Chinese Eastern Railway south of Changchun. In order to complete the task which the McKinley administration disinterestedly took upon itself the American government during the two succeeding administrations first interposed to localize the Russo-Japanese armed conflict, then lent the good offices of the United States to China to obtain American capital for the development of Manchuria, and finally proposed to the Powers the "neutralization" of Manchurian railways.

Following the Portsmouth Conference in 1905, Japan took great pains to convert her late enemy into a virtual ally. When the last of the steps mentioned was taken by the United States, Japan came forward with Russia and brought it to nought. Encouraged by success, she even . . .

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