Restructuring Armed Forces in East and West

Restructuring Armed Forces in East and West

Restructuring Armed Forces in East and West

Restructuring Armed Forces in East and West

Excerpt

The end of the Cold War has, indeed, brought with it entirely new problems of security, or perhaps it might be more accurate to say that it has brought a return to more "normal" problems of security. The Cold War was an aberration of the manner in which the balance of power between nations is usually maintained. The existence of nuclear weapons meant that security problems were dominated by the development of deterrence and arms control theories and that the preservation of military stability was of such overriding importance that it superseded all other considerations. The sudden manner in which the Cold War ended has created disorder and military conflict in Europe. Existing security structures have proved to be inadequate or inappropriate. The removal of the straitjacket of the Cold War has unleashed a host of problems and produced a multiplicity of risks which will need to be dealt with in new ways. A new set of axioms is needed to determine the conditions under which military force might be used and the manner in which conflict might be avoided.

The Internationalization of Security

The opening in 1989 of an escape-route for East Germans to Austria by way of Czechoslovakia instantly turned a domestic issue into an international one. Since that time, a constant stream of people has managed to cross previously impenetrable borders. People, information, and resources now cross international boundaries with increasing ease. Security prob-

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