History of the Jews - Vol. 5

History of the Jews - Vol. 5

History of the Jews - Vol. 5

History of the Jews - Vol. 5

Excerpt

Condition of the Jews in Poland before the Outbreak of Persecution-- Influence of the Jesuits--Characteristics of Poles and Jews--The Home of the Cossacks--Repression of the Cossacks by the Government--Jews appointed as Tax Farmers--Jurisdiction of the Synods--The Study of the Talmud in Poland--Hebrew Literature in that Country becomes entirely Rabbinical--Character of Polish Judaism--Jews and Cossacks--Chmielnicki--Sufferings of the Jews in consequence of his Successes--The Tartar Haidamaks-Fearful Massacres in Nemirov, Tulczyn, and Homel--Prince Vishnioviecki--Massacres at Polonnoie, Lemberg, Narol, and in other Towns--John Casimir--Lipmann Heller and Sabbataï Cohen--Renewal of the War between Cossacks and Poles--Russians join Cossacks in attacking the Jews-- Charles X of Sweden--The Polish Fugitives--" Polonization" of Judaism.

1648-1656 C.E.

POLAND ceased to be a haven for the sons of Judah, when its short-sighted kings summoned the Jesuits to supervise the training of the young nobles and the clergy and crush the spirit of the Polish dissidents. These originators of disunion, to whom the frequent partition of Poland must be attributed, sought to undermine the unobtrusive power which the Jews, through their money and prudence, exercised over the nobles, and they combined with their other foes, German workmen and trades- people, members of the guilds, to restrict and oppress them. After that time there were repeated persecutions of Jews in Poland; sometimes the German guild members, sometimes the disciples of . . .

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