Wild Flower Guide, Northeastern and Midland United States

Wild Flower Guide, Northeastern and Midland United States

Wild Flower Guide, Northeastern and Midland United States

Wild Flower Guide, Northeastern and Midland United States

Excerpt

The standard manuals of botany are so technical and cover so many species that they offer difficulty to the amateur who finds an attractive wild flower and desires to ascertain its name. There is accordingly need for field guides which will simplify the identification of the species likely to be observed; the present book represents such a guide for the most populous portion of North America.

In the United States east of longitude 100° and north of latitude 37°--that is, our Northeastern and Midland states-- there grow about 400 species which are sufficiently striking to be classed as "wild flowers." Drawings of many of these, half of them in color, are here reproduced, accompanied by brief descriptive text.

Since in the interest of precision and brevity it is necessary to use in the text a number of technical terms, a glossary of these is given at the outset. Then the plants are taken up in a sequence which emphasizes their floral symmetry and its evolutionary relations. The views as to the evolution of flower features adopted are based on the principles enunciated by Bessey, Clements, and their followers. However, in order to aid students who prefer to use color as a guide for identification, a tabulation of the included species on this basis is included in an appendix.

The plants are first grouped into families, the characters of their representatives in the area covered being summarized. For each species there is given a common name, then a selected technical genus and species epithet. Next come brief statements as to distinctive features, range, and habitat. Finally, suggestions as to how the plants can be grown are added. Details as to the treatment of these topics are given on the following page.

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