Japan's Pacific Mandate

Japan's Pacific Mandate

Japan's Pacific Mandate

Japan's Pacific Mandate

Excerpt

This book has been written with the intention of providing a background and an introduction to some of the problems involved in Japan's administration of more than a thousand islands in the western Pacific Ocean. These islands, the Marianas, the Carolines, and the Marshalls have since the close of the World War been ruled by Japan as a Class C mandate. For a variety of reasons they have in recent years occupied a conspicuous place in international affairs. They have acquired in fact a sort of notoriety occasioned by recurrent rumors appearing in the press of Europe and America to the effect that Japan, in violation of the terms of her mandate, has fortified them. As a result the Permanent Mandates Commission of the League of Nations has in 1932 and again in 1934 questioned the accredited representative of Japan concerning his country's observance of the military clause of the mandate. In addition Japan's withdrawal from the League has raised the question as to what effect, if any, such action would have on her competence to continue her mandatory administration.

Discussion of these questions in the western world has been marked by a pronounced lack of adequate information concerning the islands, their size, their position, their physical characteristics and the peoples who inhabit them. Literature on the subject of the Micronesian Islands is decidedly meager and, since the islands lie far from con-

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