Tourism in China: Geographic, Political, and Economic Perspectives

Tourism in China: Geographic, Political, and Economic Perspectives

Tourism in China: Geographic, Political, and Economic Perspectives

Tourism in China: Geographic, Political, and Economic Perspectives

Synopsis

"In this first book to offer an objective and comprehensive view of tourism in China, a multidisciplinary group of scholars explores the country's burgeoning tourist industry, a major component of its recent explosive economic growth. Tracing the historical evolution of China's tourism policies, leading experts examine the policies, development, and organization of the industry, including the hotel business and hospitality education. They consider the effects of both international and domestic tourism on China's environment, economy, and society - including on several minority regions. The contributors discuss the little-understood yet strong influence of ethnic overseas Chinese on the PRC's tourism development as well as the impact of the Tiananmen uprising. The book concludes with an analysis of the prospects for the future of China's development." Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Excerpt

China has one of the oldest continuous civilizations in the world. It is a land of mystery and ambiguity that has long attracted the more adventurous of international travelers. Travel in China before 1949 was well documented and described in both Chinese history books and the travel writings by foreign adventurers. However, China did not develop a modern, international travel and tourism industry until 1978 when the new leadership instituted an open door policy for international tourists as part of a revolutionary economic development program. Since then China has enjoyed the success of rapid development and suffered the pains of unbridled growth. Today, the travel and tourism in China is a major industry with a modern, albeit over-burdened, transportation network, world-class lodging facilities, comprehensive travel services, and numerous training centers. Much more needs to be done, however, if China hopes to reach its goal of becoming the most visited tourist destination in Asia by the end of this century.

The scale and speed of tourism development in China since 1978 has made the country a major player in the global network of international travel and tourism. However, its impressive growth, and the numerous lessons it presents, have not been systematically and collectively presented to interested academics and industry professionals. This book attempts to make such a contribution. We have invited some of the most eminent scholars currently writing on tourism in China to analyze the country's tourism development. The collection of original contributions in the book presents an objective and interdisciplinary view of the evolution, organization, and social, cultural, and environmental impact of both international and domestic tourism development in China since 1978.

The book is organized into five parts and fourteen essays. The three essays in Part One discuss the evolution of China's international and domestic tourism industry. This includes the formulation of tourism development policies and the sometimes precarious relationship between tourism and politics in China. Part One concludes with an overview of tourism resources in China today.

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