Australia at the Polls: The National Elections of 1975

Australia at the Polls: The National Elections of 1975

Australia at the Polls: The National Elections of 1975

Australia at the Polls: The National Elections of 1975

Excerpt

Australia at the Polls: The National Elections of 1975 is another in the series of studies of national elections in selected democratic coun- tries to be published by the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. The volumes that have been published thus far cover important elections of 1974--the two parliamentary elections in Britain, the Canadian general election, the French presidential elec- tion, and the House of Councillors election in Japan. In addition, a volume discussing the parliamentary elections in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden in 1973, 1975, and 1976 has recently appeared. In progress or planned are studies of the Italian and German elections of 1976, the referendum on British entry into the Common Market, the 1976 referendum and 1977 election in Spain, and the Israeli parlia- mentary election of 1977.

Australian voters went to the polls in December 1975 to elect the entire membership of both the House of Representatives and the Senate. This was the second time in nineteen months but only the fourth time in Australian history that such a "double dissolution" had occurred. The constitution requires members of the House of Representatives to face another election within three years of attaining office. Senators, elected from six states, by contrast, normally can expect to serve out fixed terms of six years. (Their terms are staggered so that half the senators face election every three years.) When the Senate has blocked legislation passed by the House twice with an . . .

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