America and the New Poland

America and the New Poland

America and the New Poland

America and the New Poland


Three things have determined the character of America's part in the restoration of Poland:

The relation of the status of the Polish Nation to the political system of Europe:

The bond of sympathy between Poland and America established by Kosciuszko and Pulaski and strengthened by the participation of hundreds of thousands of Poles in our national life; and

The world economic situation, and particularly conditions in Poland and the United States, during the first critical years after the restoration.

These circumstances explain our moral and material support of Polish nationalism during the years of its oppression despite our traditional detachment from European political questions. They explain our continual efforts to ameliorate the suffering of Polish war victims and our open championship--a year in advance of any other great power --of the Polish program of unity and independence. They explain our steadfast support of Poland's just claims at the Paris Conference and, still more important, our collaboration in the battle against famine and pestilence and in the succeeding campaign of social and economic reconstruction.

No post-war political settlement involved such sanguinary conflict, such bitter and persistent controversy as did the establishment of the Polish State. It brought Polish-German conflict in Poznan (Posen) for the low reaches of the Vistula in West Prussia and at Danzig, and along the Oder in Upper Silesia. It precipitated bloody and wordy battles . . .

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