Synoptic and Aeronautical Meteorology

Synoptic and Aeronautical Meteorology

Synoptic and Aeronautical Meteorology

Synoptic and Aeronautical Meteorology

Excerpt

There is some disagreement as to the various special fields comprising the study of meteorology, but in general the two main divisions are dynamic meteorology and synoptic meteorology. Dynamic meteorology seeks to apply our knowledge of physical processes to explain motions and energy transformations in the atmosphere. Its tools are mathematical physics and the laboratory data of classical physics, together with meteorological observations. The dynamic meteorologist seeks to explain on the basis of rigid physical principles the more common phenomena observed in the atmosphere.

Synoptic meteorology is the study of the weather conditions over a large area at a given instant. It owes its existence as a study to the development of the telegraph and radio which make it possible to obtain simultaneous observations from a large number of stations in such time that they can be utilized in forecasting; for weather forecasting is the practical end toward which the synoptic meteorologist works. His task consists first of analyzing the present weather conditions and, second, of extrapolating the trend of these conditions into the future in order to formulate a forecast. The principal tools are the telegraphic weather reports applied to the weather map and the various types of upper-air charts.

Another branch of meteorology is sometimes designated but variously defined--aerology. In the United States, there is a tendency in some quarters to classify all of modern meteorology as aerology. This is probably because there was a desire to draw away from the older type of meteorology in which upper-air data were used but little, and it was thought that the term aerology might be better suited to the new methods. In most meteorological circles, however, aerology is the name applied . . .

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