The Exchange of Persons Program in Western Germany

The Exchange of Persons Program in Western Germany

The Exchange of Persons Program in Western Germany

The Exchange of Persons Program in Western Germany

Excerpt

This monograph presents some of the problems involved in the development of the exchanges program during the period of Military Government and especially under the Office of the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany. On the premise that the most important part of such a program lies in the selection of the individuals for participation, stress is laid on the selection procedure. Some of the inadequacies in the early development of the program are recorded in the hope that the record of these "growing pains" may be of value for future programs.

In considering the exchanges program it is essential to keep in mind the far from ideal conditions under which the program developed as one of the first steps in the positive phase of the reorientation of Germany as a member of the family of nations, the rapid growth of the program through a period when personnel was never sufficient to adequately accomplish the administrative and supervisory tasks involved in an operation of such magnitude, the many supporting services required from the administrative and functional divisions of the organization, the budgetary and policy changes involved in the transfer from Military Government to Department of State direction, and the fact that this was an experimental undertaking which has had a profound effect on the world-wide exchange of persons program.

By and large the exchanges program has been eminently successful. It has probably received more mention in newspapers and periodicals on both sides of the Atlantic than any other activity of the Office of the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany.

HAROLD ZINK Chief Historian . . .

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