Toward Fair Employment

Toward Fair Employment

Toward Fair Employment

Toward Fair Employment

Excerpt

The study Toward Fair Employment was undertaken by the Industrial Relations Section of Princeton University with a grant from the Taconic Foundation of New York. The authors, Paul H. Norgren and Samuel E. Hill, carried out the research with the assistance of a Project Advisory Committee composed of the undersigned.

We feel that this book is an important contribution to knowledge on the problems of providing equal employment opportunities in the United States. In the years ahead, when this country will be engaged in what we hope will be a final national effort to grant the Negro his full political and civil rights, the administrative arm of government at the local, state, and Federal levels will surely have a vital role to play. This study should help those who will be responsible for structuring and implementing government administrative actions at all levels.

When the manpower stringencies of World War II brought the issue of equal employment opportunity to the fore, President Roosevelt, making use of his war powers, established the Committee on Fair Employment Practice to assist in opening jobs, training, and promotion opportunities to members of minority groups. At the end of the War, Congress refused to make the Committee permanent and passed the Russell Amendment, which prohibited the President from allocating funds to executive agencies whose budgets had not been previously approved by Congress, thus setting a framework within which the Executive Branch was thenceforth constrained in seeking changes.

The question may properly be asked whether the modest accomplishments of the several Presidential committees are to be ascribed solely to the hamstringing conditions set up by Congressional restraint. The authors of this book, in their critical appraisal . . .

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