The decade following publication of the first edition of this book saw vast expansion of services for the mentally retarded and a sincere recognition of their "human rights." The chief motivating force was the interest of the late President John F. Kennedy.During the early days of his administration, he persuaded Congress to enact broad-scale legislation in all phases of mental retardation. This decade literally could be known as the era of federal involvement in mental retardation. Since mental retardation is a national problem, national interest was required to resolve some of the issues. Despite a decade of social crisis and war, new and expanded programs were conceived and implemented. The second edition of Mental Retardation: Readings and Resources is a total revision, reflecting this expanded activity.Of the 56 readings in the first edition, only 17 were retained in the second edition. Most of the new selections were published between 1965 and 1970.
Using a multidisciplinary approach, Mental Retardation attempts to balance readings and references so that they will be of interest to educators, psychologists, nurses, rehabilitation counselors, physicians, and social scientists.It is also designed to provide many sources of information for parents and parent groups concerned with mental retardation. Three major criteria were used to select the readings: (1) the overall importance of the subject, (2) the clarity and form of the article, and (3) the technical accuracy of the data. The vocabulary and concepts have been geared to both upper-division and graduate levels of instruction.
The organization of the book is a result of the editor's many years of experience in preparing personnel for work with the retarded. The book can serve as a college text in such courses as "Introduction to Mental Retardation," "Psychology of Mental Retardation," and "Nature and Needs of the Retarded." A chart in the back of the book correlates the readings of this volume with a number of basic texts.The left-hand column lists the chapters of the general textbooks; the other columns list numerically the readings in this book that are appropriate to specific chapters. Used in conjunction with curriculum guides and texts on curriculum and methodology, Mental Retardation will provide a satisfactory combination of resources for a course in "Curriculum and Methods for Teaching the Retarded."
Section introductions are intentionally structured to provide historical background, to present related problems, and, in lieu of adding lengthy suggested supplementary reading materials, to discuss related articles.
To complement and amplify the readings, the editor has provided a number of supplementary resource tables and charts interwoven into many readings. The appendix contains a wealth of resource materials.These include: (1) organizations interested in mental retardation; (2) survey of the literature on mental retardation; (3) journals in mental retardation; (4) bibliography of textbooks on mental retardation, including books for parents and about mentally retarded individuals; (5) specialized bibliographical listings; (6) U.S. government agency . . .