Factor Analysis

Factor Analysis

Factor Analysis

Factor Analysis


Comprehensive and comprehensible, this classic covers the basic and advanced topics essential for using factor analysis as a scientific tool in psychology, education, sociology, and related areas. Emphasizing the usefulness of the techniques, it presents sufficient mathematical background for understanding and sufficient discussion of applications for effective use. This includes not only theory but also the empirical evaluations of the importance of mathematical distinctions for applied scientific analysis.


The years since writing the first edition have seen a number of new developments of factor analysis. The purpose of the second edition is to include those new developments within the text without disturbing the successful features of the first edition. The style, general outline, and degree of mathematical sophistication required of the student have been kept the same as in the first edition.

To make room for the new materials, the first edition was carefully scanned for those techniques and procedures that have not been widely used and for which there does not seem to be as strong a case for their use as with other procedures. For example, the geometric representation of factor models has played almost no role in factor analysis in the past 10 years, and so the presentation of that material has been starred to indicate that it is not essential to the later materials. And because rotation has become almost exclusively processed by computer with only a very few computerized techniques being widely used, the two rotation chapters have been presented more simply in one chapter with an additional starred chapter for those interested in more detail or in visual rotation.

It is apparent that the common practice of factor analysis lags behind theoretical knowledge and the possible uses of it. To keep the lag to a minimum, this revision includes promising new developments, such as the new Chapter 7 on the use of confirmatory factor analysis. The discussions of continuing problems for which major new references exist have been revised, including the determinancy-of-factor-scores discussion. A reasonably complete set of references is given with introductory treatments to encourage the user to think through the techniques needed in a particular application.

A further purpose of this edition is to allow the book to be more readily used in multivariate courses as a supplementary text to a multivariate text. Such . . .

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