The Making of Iran's Islamic Revolution: From Monarchy to Islamic Republic

The Making of Iran's Islamic Revolution: From Monarchy to Islamic Republic

The Making of Iran's Islamic Revolution: From Monarchy to Islamic Republic

The Making of Iran's Islamic Revolution: From Monarchy to Islamic Republic

Synopsis

In this fully revised and expanded second edition, Dr. Milani offers new insights into the causes and profound consequences of Iran's Islamic Revolution. Drawing on dozens of personal interviews with the officials of the Islamic Republic and on recently released documents, he presents a provocative analysis of the dynamics and characteristics of factional politics in Islamic Iran. Among the new issues covered are the events leading up to the Teheran hostage crisis, Ayatollah Khomeini's life and writings, President Rafsanjani's activities against the Shah, Rafsanjani's recent reforms, Iran's involvement in the Kuwaiti crisis, and the domestic and foreign policy challenges facing Iran in the post- Cold War era. The second edition is specifically revised for use as a text for courses dealing with Iran, the Middle East, and revolutionary movements.

Excerpt

This book presents a comprehensive analysis of the internal (political, economic, and ideological) and external (U.S. policy) causes and consequences of Iran's Islamic Revolution. It explains how and why an essentially nonviolent and popular movement overthrew Mohammad Reza Shah's apparently impregnable regime in 1979 and built upon its ashes a theocratic Islamic order, one that has changed both Iran's destiny and the political landscape of the Islamic world.

In the second edition, I have not changed the conceptual framework outlined in the first edition for explaining the Islamic Revolution. Nor have I altered my original assessment of why the Shi'i fundamentalists, under the leadership of Ayatollah Ruhollah Mussavi Khomeini, defeated their opponents and established their rule.

The new edition contains, however, some revisions and additions, which are often based on the newly released information and documents about Iran. Whereas a few sections have been totally rewritten, many others are now considerably shorter. in some sections, such as the ones on the Teheran hostage crisis and the Iranian involvement in the Kuwaiti crisis, I have included the information from the many interviews I conducted with the officials of the Islamic Republic of Iran during the past three years.

Two entirely new chapters have been added to inform readers of the latest developments in Iran's domestic and foreign policies. One deals with the challenges that the Islamic Republic faced in the 1980s, including the bloody Iraq-Iran war, which ended in 1988. the other is devoted to the domestic and foreign challenges that President Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani has confronted during the past five years, including a section about Iran's policy of active neutrality during the Kuwaiti crisis or the Second Persian Gulf War.

Since the dawn of the Islamic Revolution in 1979, Teheran and Washington have been engaged in what Professor R. K. Ramazani calls "mutual satanization" of each other. the essential ingredients of this campaign are excessive exaggera-

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