Urbanization in Socialist Countries

Urbanization in Socialist Countries

Urbanization in Socialist Countries

Urbanization in Socialist Countries

Excerpt

Urban and regional studies have undoubtedly garnered increased attention recently in the socialist countries. Characteristic of the past ten to fifteen years have been the production of many prognostic studies and the emergence of complex developmental programs, sometimes described as urbanization strategies, general projects for future settlement, or national settlement policies. We shall focus here on the concept of urbanization strategy, which entails the formulation of general principles and methods for developing a national settlement system. In most cases it also includes selecting main and secondary growth centers, studying data on the anticipated concentration of urban population, and generating principles for handling macroregional problems in particular countries.

A vast amount of empirical, analytical, prognostic, and theoretical material from many fields has had to be examined in order to formulate such strategies. The published matter on the urbanization process ultimately yielded an almost unmanageable abundance of facts, interrelations, and problems -- the assembled findings had to be sifted, compared, and evaluated. Attempts to produce such a survey have been largely confined to individual socialist countries; relatively few publications have dealt with the socialist countries of Europe collectively, although the need for such a wider view was already evident in the 1970s. The published work includes, for instance, K. Mihailovič's study of regional development in East-

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