Management of the Industrial Firm in the USSR: A Study in Soviet Economic Planning

Management of the Industrial Firm in the USSR: A Study in Soviet Economic Planning

Management of the Industrial Firm in the USSR: A Study in Soviet Economic Planning

Management of the Industrial Firm in the USSR: A Study in Soviet Economic Planning

Excerpt

This is a study in Soviet economic planning with particular reference to the management of the individual firm in heavy industry. In the plant itself, the center of attention is on the plant director -- the Soviet counterpart of the capitalist manufacturer. The main purpose of the study is to explore those aspects of Soviet economic planning in which plant executives play a direct role or in which their actions are immediately affected by other groups and organs.

We shall be concerned with how the thousands of individual industrial plants are integrated into a national administrative system and are guided by the top Government and Communist Party authorities. We shall want to know what methods are used to fight stultification of industry through administrative red tape; how much and what sorts of initiative are demanded from lower management and from the masses of workers; what criteria of "success" in exercising initiative have been established, and what efforts are made to reconcile conflicting criteria; and what methods are used to prevent the enterprise of junior officials and of the masses from running into channels which the nation's leaders prefer to keep closed.

Firm management has been singled out as the subject of this study because it is felt that it offers a fruitful vantage point from which to survey the field of Soviet industrial planning. The reasons for this are the following:

In studying a system of integration, there seems to be particular value in concentrating on the lowest bodies with which higher organs consistently deal. The firms are the basic units of Soviet in-

Author Advanced search

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.