The States in West German Federalism: A Study of Federal-State Relations, 1949-1960

The States in West German Federalism: A Study of Federal-State Relations, 1949-1960

The States in West German Federalism: A Study of Federal-State Relations, 1949-1960

The States in West German Federalism: A Study of Federal-State Relations, 1949-1960

Excerpt

Since World War II, renewed attention has been given to federalism as a pattern for national, regional, and international organization. The evidence of such interest is widespread: the Commission on Intergovernmental Relations in the United States; the federal constitutions and constitutional proposals within the Commonwealth of Nations, notably in India, Malaya, the British Caribbean area, and Africa; likewise in Africa, the stimulus given to federalism in the Community under the Constitution of the Fifth French Republic; the problem of the Congo released from Belgian rule; and the regional developments in Western Europe represented by the Coal and Steel Community, the Common Market and EURATOM, which may eventually lead to a United States of Europe. On the supra-regional scale, world federalism and Atlantic Union have been advocated in spite of the serious obstacles to their realization. To this list must be added the Federal Republic of Germany, established in 1949.

Although German federalism has a long history, its annals and theories from the Middle Ages to the destruction of the Weimar Republic by Hitler are not set forth here. They are treated elsewhere, for example, in Ellinor von Puttkamer, ed., Föderative Elemente im deutschen Staatsrecht seit 1648 (Göttingen, 1955); Arnold Brecht, Federalism and Regionalism in Germany: The Division of Prussia (New York, 1945); and Rupert Emerson, State and Sovereignty in Modern Germany (New York, 1928), chaps. 3 and 6. Attention is concentrated on the period since the overthrow of the National Socialist regime in 1945, especially the years since the founding of the Federal Republic.

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