Troy and Paeonia: With Glimpses of Ancient Balkan History and Religion

Troy and Paeonia: With Glimpses of Ancient Balkan History and Religion

Troy and Paeonia: With Glimpses of Ancient Balkan History and Religion

Troy and Paeonia: With Glimpses of Ancient Balkan History and Religion

Excerpt

The following pages contain the results of studies, to some extent already published in the Journal of Hellenic Studies, the Transactions of the American Philological Association, the Classical Quarterly, Classical Review, Classical Philology, and the Classical Journal, dealing with the culture and religion of tribes belonging to the Balkans and the Troad in the centuries which are illuminated for us by the poems of Homer and Hesiod. It is as certain that the Iliad and the Odyssey bear the impress of poems that preceded them as it is that the art of the handworker of the time in which the Homeric poems were written is lineally descended from that of earlier potters, painters, decorators, and metal workers. And that the Iliad has a close relation to history has been made clear by the researches of Dr. Walter Leaf, from whose books, "Troy, a Study in Homeric Geography," and "Homer and History," all students of the Homeric poems have derived so much.

I have here attempted to follow threads of allusion in the poems and to discover what historical value there is, e.g., in the tribal epithets, the description of the movement of the Trojan fighting-men, the type of names borne by the Trojans and their northern allies, the references to horse-culture and horsemanship. I have endeavored to establish the connection of the Trojans and Dardanians and their Lykian, Maeonian and Mysian allies with Moesia, Dardania, and Paeonia in Europe, and to show the common inheritance of these tribes in their method of fighting, their knowledge of the horse, and their worship of the elements of nature that contribute most to the life and perpetuation of the tribe.

Again I have considered the nature-worship of the "Thrako-Phrygian" tribes from the indications in various . . .

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