This annotated bibliography is intended as a summary of the recent literature on human nutrition and food in the Middle East. To our knowledge, no one has attempted to bring together under one cover a guide to the literature in this area since the American University of Beirut's 1960-1970 compilation of abstracts, A Decade of Nutrition Research in the Arab World 1960-1970.
This bibliography contains abstracts of works published on nutrition in the Middle East from 1970 through 1986. The geographic scope of this work includes Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, North Yemen, and South Yemen. In addition, a few studies are included from some other countries that have substantial Arab and/or Islamic populations (for example, Afghanistan). Some studies focus on the nutrition of Middle Eastern guest workers and their families or of Islamic migrants to Europe. In addition, the larger categories of "developing countries" and "Middle East including Arab world/Islamic world" contain abstracts on relevant inter-country studies, projects, and conferences.
The population focus is on people consuming primarily traditional Middle Eastern diets. Therefore, the studies from Israel that are included focus predominantly on Bedouin and other Arab populations. Studies from Gaza and the West Bank are included under the heading of Israel.
We included only articles related directly to human nutrition or related food science. Plant and animal nutrition studies were included only where findings were directly relevant to human nutrition. Similarly, studies focusing on commercial food products, commercial production of nutrients, and soil characteristics that contain information directly relevant to improving human nutrition were also included.
Materials for this work were obtained from standard library and computer searches and from individual authors' contributions. If abstracts were previously published, we have reproduced the author's abstract verbatim. Where there was no published abstract or where we could not locate the author, we have abstracted the article ourselves. Any errors in interpretation are ours. We have included material predominantly from the English-language literature. For articles in which the original language of publication was not English, we have provided either an English abstract or an English translation of the author's abstract.