The Urban South

The Urban South

The Urban South

The Urban South

Excerpt

The contributions to The Urban South have been organized around three topics: (1) the urbanization process, (2) organizational aspects of southern cities, and (3) social change and the impact of urbanism on tradition.

Not urban society, but urbanization as the process occurs in a rural region, sets the problem for Part One. The reader will note that a significant definition of the components of urbanization emerges as these chapters unfold. (1) Urbanization involves an increase in the number of points at which population concentrates and a growth in the size of these concentrations. Chapter 2 traces the emergence and development of this spatial pattern in the South. (2) Urbanization means an increasing shift from agrarian to industrial, service, and distributive occupations, and this is traced in Chapter 3. Finally (3) urbanization means a redistribution of the population and the peopling of the cities; this is discussed in Chapters 4 and 5 both from the point of view of migration and the effect of urbanization on the reproductive behavior of the population.

An overview is needed, however, to place southern urbanization in its widest possible context. To do this requires one who is acquainted with European urbanism firsthand, practiced in arts of "American" sociology, and cognizant of the southern scene. This characterization is "tailor-made" for Rudolf Heberle and his chapter on the mainsprings of southern urbanization. What delayed urbanization in the South? What causes can be assigned for the growth of different type cities? Rudolf Heberle concludes that while the South is not one of the heartlands of modern capitalism, the growth . . .

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