Aquacultural Development: Social Dimensions of an Emerging Industry

Aquacultural Development: Social Dimensions of an Emerging Industry

Aquacultural Development: Social Dimensions of an Emerging Industry

Aquacultural Development: Social Dimensions of an Emerging Industry

Synopsis

In this volume, an international group of contributors explores the newly emerging aquaculture industry. Focusing on the social and environmental dimensions of aquacultural development in both industrialized and nonindustrialized nations, they examine issues of social equity, user-group conflict, environmental impacts of production, and the mediating role of the state. They also discuss aquaculture's role in development activity- especially in sustainable development, where it can enhance community viability, coherence, and solidarity. Asserting the need for careful planning and recognizing impending political and moral choices, the contributors assess the decision-making process for public authorities and development agencies and consider the social consequences of these decisions. Policymakers responsible for promoting and managing this growing industry will find this volume invaluable as they begin to research and design appropriate institutional structures. In addition, scholars interested in the overall adoption and diffusion of new technologies will find here a rich source of information about a system that shares attributes with but also differs significantly from agricultural and fisheries production systems.

Excerpt

Conner Bailey, Svein Jentoft and Peter Sinclair

Aquaculture represents the most important source of growth in fish supply for human consumption. the potential of aquaculture for commercial and nutritional purposes is now receiving greater attention because marine fish resources in most parts of the world are heavily exploited and seem to offer limited capacity for increased harvests (McGoodwin 1990).

For fishers and communities that depend on marine fisheries resources, the sea offers increasingly limited options for economic growth. Resource limitations also mean that marine stocks cannot be relied upon to meet the nutritional needs of an expanding human population for high-quality and affordable animal protein. the potential of aquaculture to meet nutritional needs and provide employment and income opportunities for producers has attracted significant attention from researchers and policy makers in both industrialized and non-industrialized nations.

Practiced for centuries in China and elsewhere in Asia, aquaculture is spreading rapidly throughout the world in both tropical and temperate zones. the recent expansion of aquacultural production has been made possible by scientific breakthroughs in fish nutrition, hatchery management, and improved understanding of fish genetics and aquatic ecology. Consumer demand in relatively wealthy industrialized nations for salmon and shrimp has provided a strong incentive for expanded production of . . .

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