Sea Life in Nelson's Time

Sea Life in Nelson's Time

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Sea Life in Nelson's Time

Sea Life in Nelson's Time

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Excerpt

Ship designing, building, sheathing, and rigging -- The external decorations and appearance -- The internal arrangements, deck by deck -- The orlop and hold

THE ships in which Nelson went to sea were designed by master - shipwrights, in large sheds or studios known as "mould-lofts." There was a mould-loft in all the royal dockyards, near the dry docks or building slips. On the floor of a mould-loft the master-shipwrights drew the plans of their ships, at the full size of the intended vessel. On the walls, which were of great height, they chalked out their side elevations, from the keel to the prospective water-line, and from the waterline to the top of the poop-railings or hammock nettings, the parts farthest from the sea when the ship was afloat. Having chalked out their plans, and "laid down" their ships to their satisfaction, they gave orders for the timber to be cut in accordance with their designs. The work of building was then begun at that royal yard to which the mould-loft was attached. The chief yards were those at Chatham, Deptford, Plymouth, and Woolwich. The smaller ships were built on slips or launches, which sloped down to the water's edge.

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