Measurement: Definitions and Theories

Measurement: Definitions and Theories

Measurement: Definitions and Theories

Measurement: Definitions and Theories

Excerpt

The December 1956 meetings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science included a five-part symposium on measurement. The purpose of the symposium was to enable the participants to examine and discuss important fundamental problems of measurement that have arisen in the disciplines of science. The papers of this symposium are included in this volume.

The symposium was designed to present contrasts in approaches to the problems of measurement. For this reason, the participants were chosen from different disciplines: e.g., physics, psychology, economics, accounting, philosophy. Furthermore, the participants were chosen because it was known that they had different viewpoints on the meaning and significance of measurement.

The result is a book of contrasts. This volume does not constitute a series of connected discourses on measurement. It is not a textbook on the subject of measurement. But it may present as good a picture as possible of what the workers in the foundations of measurement are concerned about in the middle of the twentieth century.

The editors have made no concentrated effort to maintain consistency among the contributors. But they have on occasion suggested revisions of manuscripts, and they have regrouped some of the papers in order to place them in a more congenial setting. The editors are grateful to the authors who responded quickly and obligingly to suggestions that were made.

In Part I of this volume we have grouped together the papers that are primarily concerned with defining the concept of measurement--or at least with trying to characterize the meaning of the concept. Here the contrasts are quite noticeable. "Measurement" clearly means a number of things. It is probably wise to point out that differences in . . .

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