Governments and Politics of the Middle East in the Twentieth Century

Governments and Politics of the Middle East in the Twentieth Century

Governments and Politics of the Middle East in the Twentieth Century

Governments and Politics of the Middle East in the Twentieth Century

Excerpt

This book is intended as a summary and a guide to the structure and functioning of the governments and politics of the contemporary Middle East. It presents three main lines of development in the individual states of the region: governmental structures and institutions, political organization and behavior, and regional and international relations. The Middle East is treated as a single unit only in Parts One and Seven, where basic generalizations can be legitimately made regarding the area and the people as a whole.

In my approach I have attempted to emphasize patterns of development and growth rather than a strict chronological sequence of events. The treatment varies slightly from country to country. For the states and principalities of the Arabian peninsula, for example, it seemed best to provide background material relevant to the peculiar institutional structures and political developments of these countries; while for other areas, such as Egypt and the Fertile Crescent, attention was concentrated mostly on those aspects which have exerted direct influence on institutional change and political evolution. In all cases, the selection and arrangement of facts aims at bringing into focus distinctive features and tendencies, which define and as clearly as possible summarize political development in the Middle Eastern states during the last fifty or sixty years.

I should like to direct the reader's attention to the documentary texts--constitutions, electoral laws, treaties, agreements, official declarations, etc.--to which most of the footnotes refer. For any serious study the following six references are essential: J. C. Hurewitz, Diplomacy of the Near and Middle East, 2 vols. (Princeton, N.J.: Van Nostrand, 1956); Helen Davies, Constitutions, Electoral Laws, Treaties of States in the Near and Middle East, 2nd. ed. (Durham . . .

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