Thinking and Perceiving: A Study in the Philosophy of Mind

Thinking and Perceiving: A Study in the Philosophy of Mind

Thinking and Perceiving: A Study in the Philosophy of Mind

Thinking and Perceiving: A Study in the Philosophy of Mind

Excerpt

With few exceptions, Anglo-American philosophy has moved within an empirical framework ever since the seventeenth century. The classical empiricism of Locke, Berkeley, and Hume was an attempt to discover the foundations of knowledge in experience; that foundation was essentially sensory. Empirical knowledge was considered radically opposed to rational knowledge, truths of fact distinct from truths of reason. The two-fold division of truth and knowledge into empirical and rational found its constant elaboration by logicians and philosophers of mathematics pursuing rational knowledge, and by epistemologists trying to preserve the empirical. But it was just the empirical side of this division of knowledge which ran into difficulties. For with the expansion of the sciences in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the reputed empirical findings of philosophy were repeatedly called into question by the experimental sciences. Science has gradually come to replace philosophy as an empirical discipline.

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