International Psychology: Views from around the World

International Psychology: Views from around the World

International Psychology: Views from around the World

International Psychology: Views from around the World


While acknowledging their major debt to Europeans like Freud, Piaget, Erickson, Lewin, and Jung, American psychologists generally concentrated on developments in American psychology. And this tendency prevails in spite of the fact that innovations- in sport psychology and clinical neuropsychology, for example- have continued to come from abroad. International Psychology is a much-needed exposition of the state of psychology in forty-five countries, including the Soviet Union and the United States. Emphasizing the period from 1960 to the present, and surveying the training, research, and practice of psychologists on six continents, this volume introduces a widely dispersed network of occupational kinfolk, many of whom have scant knowledge of one another.

The editors provide a panoramic view in the opening chapter, as well as an epilogue and name and subject indexes. The contributors, nearly all distinguished psychologists in their countries, represent Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, the Dominican Republic, Egypt, Finland, France, the German Democratic Republic, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Romania, South Africa, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, and Zimbabwe.


Psychology around the World (Sexton & Misiak, 1976) received many favorable reviews, and years later it was still being cited for the extent of its contribution. Over (1984), for example, identified the volume as the major source of information in the English language about national psychologies, and Gilgen and Gilgen (1987) called it "the most significant publication relative to the internationalizing of psychology."

In the years since that publication, interest in international psychology has grown, and many articles, chapters, and books have appeared. Much of the relevant work is scattered, however, with only a few broadly based references available. Moreover, the early volume is out of print. Clearly, it is time for an updated volume.

Henryk Misiak enthusiastically endorsed the project but was unable to participate. Instead, a new partnership was born which, among other advantages, had the coeditors located in the same building at the same university and with constant and easy access to one another.

Because all the chapters were to be new, we reviewed the criteria by which countries were included. the earlier edition used countries that were listed in the 1966 International Directory of Psychologists and that had reached a certain density of psychologists in the general population. Twenty-eight countries and three regions (Latin America; sub-Saharan Africa; and Armenia) were selected in that way. For this volume, we chose those countries that were member nations of the International Union of Psychological Science. This choice guaranteed a certain degree of structure and national development in psychology since the union (usually abbreviated IUPsyS) is an organization of national psychological societies, not of individuals. At the time of our selection (the fall of 1986), forty-eight countries were members of the IUPsyS. Countries that joined later were not included. Three other entries were carried over from the early edition for the sake of continuity (Armenia, Austria, and Greece).

Unfortunately, there were two countries, Panama and Nicaragua, from which we were unable to obtain a commitment. the political climate of the time undoubtedly was the major obstacle. Furthermore, although we had agreements signed by authors from four other countries (Bulgaria, China, Denmark, and Sweden) and we had extended their deadlines by more than 2 years, we never received their manuscripts. Finally, we had to proceed without them. If we have one regret about this volume, it is the omission of those countries.

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