Equal Protection of the Laws in Public Higher Education, 1960

Equal Protection of the Laws in Public Higher Education, 1960

Equal Protection of the Laws in Public Higher Education, 1960

Equal Protection of the Laws in Public Higher Education, 1960

Excerpt

The constitutional command that no State shall deny to any person "the equal protection of the laws" has particular significance in the field of public education in America today. The continuing totalitarian challenge to democratic government has made it increasingly clear that an educated citizenry, long recognized as essential to government by the people, has become in the context of cold war the bulwark of freedom itself. Hence, the opportunity of each citizen to get the education needed to develop his full potential has become an even more vital concern of the Nation.

The declaration by the highest court in the land in 1954 that State- enforced racial segregation in public schools cannot be reconciled with the dictates of the Constitution has called for enormous adjustments, not only in the organization and operation of the schools of one-third of the States, but also in the way of life of their people. It is clear that changes of such magnitude are not easily or quickly made even under the pressure of great national need.

At the same time, the nations of the world that are uncommitted in the global struggle between totalitarianism and freedom, nations for the most. part composed of nonwhite peoples, are observing with intense interest. all aspects of our treatment of racial and ethnic minorities, to judge the value of our principles in practice.

Aware of the importance of our constitutional problems in the field of public education both to the citizens affected and to the worldwide interests of the United States, this Commission from its beginning has included public education in its studies. Inquiries and research in public education have been undertaken under authority granted by the Civil Rights Act of 1957, which directs the Commission to "study and collect information concerning legal developments constituting a denial of equal protection of the laws under the Constitution" and to "appraise the laws and policies of the Federal Government with respect to equal protection of the laws under the Constitution."

The 14th amendment to the Constitution declares that "no State 20150702.html 20150702audit 20150703.html 20150703audit 20150722.html 20150722audit 20150806.html 20150806audit 20150807.html 20150807audit 20150826a.html 20150826aaudit 20150826b.html 20150826baudit 20150826c.html 20150826caudit 20150826d.html 20150826daudit 20150827.html 20150827.sql audit audit.sh fixset2.txt metadata.tmp productionfiles pulltag.sql qatesting 20150702.html 20150702audit 20150703.html 20150703audit 20150722.html 20150722audit 20150806.html 20150806audit 20150807.html 20150807audit 20150826a.html 20150826aaudit 20150826b.html 20150826baudit 20150826c.html 20150826caudit 20150826d.html 20150826daudit 20150827.html 20150827.sql audit audit.sh fixset2.txt metadata.tmp productionfiles pulltag.sql qatesting 20150702.html 20150702audit 20150703.html 20150703audit 20150722.html 20150722audit 20150806.html 20150806audit 20150807.html 20150807audit 20150826a.html 20150826aaudit 20150826b.html 20150826baudit 20150826c.html 20150826caudit 20150826d.html 20150826daudit 20150827.html 20150827.sql audit audit.sh fixset2.txt metadata.tmp productionfiles pulltag.sql qatesting shall deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." This means that neither a State nor its agent may arbitrarily deny to any individual or group of persons any right or privilege granted to others. A classification of persons by . . .

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