Expenditures of the Sino-Japanese War

Expenditures of the Sino-Japanese War

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Expenditures of the Sino-Japanese War

Expenditures of the Sino-Japanese War

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Excerpt

When Japan emerged from the old regime and instituted the present system of government at the time of the restoration of the governmental power to the Emperor, she was beset with many troubles both from within and without and the future destiny of the Empire seemed hanging in the balance. Yet, within no more than half a century, extraordinary changes have taken place and Japan has today become one of the great Powers, having developed her present state of national power and prosperity in that short period. Such a record is hardly paralleled in any other country. Japan's history, therefore, during the fifty years of the Meiji Era, has, it is needless to say, a unique place in the history of the world, while the Sino- Japanese War, which is treated in this book, has likewise an especially important position in this period of Japan's history. There are two reasons for assigning to it such special importance: one is the effect of that war upon Japan; the other is its special effect upon China and the various foreign countries which had interests in the Far East. I shall, for the sake of convenience, call the former the internal, and the latter external, effect.

The Sino-Japanese War was the first international war in which Japan had engaged since the restoration of Meiji. At first the people generally did not believe in the possibility of final victory, but fortunately for them the laurels were awarded to Japan at last. The nation then, for the first time, realized the latent power which she had been conserving since the restoration, and henceforth Japanism as opposed to the Europeanism of the ante-bellum period has been encouraged, and the nation has constantly planned for the development of this national power to the fullest extent. Now this new national consciousness may be considered as the internal effect of the war. At once Japan made remarkable progress in all directions. The enlightened measures adopted, together with . . .

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