Attention Deficit Disorder: Clinical and Basic Research

Attention Deficit Disorder: Clinical and Basic Research

Attention Deficit Disorder: Clinical and Basic Research

Attention Deficit Disorder: Clinical and Basic Research

Excerpt

This book grew out of an European Brain and Behaviour Society Workshop on Attention Deficit Disorder, Minimal Brain Dysfunction, Hyperkinetic Syndrome, and related dysfunctions held in Oslo, Norway in 1987.

Virtually millions of children and adults suffer from problems variously described as attention deficit disorder (ADD), minimal brain dysfunction (MBD), hyperkinetic syndrome, or, most recently, attention- deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In these related disorders there are interactions between brain functioning and the psychological environment. In recent years, we have seen a virtual explosion of knowledge within the neurosciences. There was an urgent need to bring about a rapproachement between the neurosciences and the behavioral sciences. The major purpose of the conference and this book is to unite clinical and basic researchers in order to improve our understanding of ADD and related dysfunctions. Thus, hopefully, this book will aid both clinicians and researchers in the neurosciences interested in allieviating these problems.

A main conclusion of the conference was that the attention problems of ADD children might be secondary to basic motor-control problems. Although sensory and motor processes interact, by placing the problems more on the motor side, one might be closer to the heart of the hyperkinesis problem. Another conclusion was that ADD might be related to dysfunctions in the central catecholaminergic systems.

We would like to acknowledge the help of the following individuals in organizing and running the conference: Jan Blegeberg, Hans M. Borchgrevink, Halvor Dahl,Knut Klippenberg, Hallgrim Kløve, Edvard I. Moser, May-Britt Moser, Michael Rutter, Espen Sagvolden, Geir Sagvolden, Liv Sagvolden, Yvonne Wade, Boaz Wultz, Ester Wultz, and finally, Torbjørn Danielsenø and his students.

The conference was supported by: European Brain and Behaviour Society (EBBS),International Brain Research Organization (IBRO), The Norwegian Research Council for Science and the Humanities (NAVF), University of Oslo, The Norwegian Directorate of Health (Ministry of Health and Social Affairs),Astra Alab AB,Bik Bok, Christian Berner,Ciba Geigy Norway, Den Norske Creditbank, Norsk Kollektiv Pensjonskasse, Postgiro, and Smith, Kline, and French. Terje Sagvolden has in part been supported by a Senior Fulbright Scholar Fellowship.

Terje Sagvolden Trevor Archer . . .

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