Pineapple Town: Hawaii

Pineapple Town: Hawaii

Pineapple Town: Hawaii

Pineapple Town: Hawaii

Excerpt

This book is an account of a Hawaiian pineapple plantation and the community in which its employees live. Its aims are not solely descriptive. The company town represents a class of communities with distinctive characteristics. An attempt is made to outline these traits as they are revealed in the pineapple plantation community of Maunaloa, Molokai, and to point out factors which have brought them into existence. The influence of techniques of pineapple husbandry and the demands of industrial employment upon the lives of employees and their families are explored analytically with special emphasis on the changes which time has brought.

Observations are made also on the characteristics of Hawaiian pineapple plantation communities as a group. I am well aware that no single pineapple town of Hawaii is truly typical of all. Each is distinctive, but all have much in common. All are "owned" and operated by business corporations, a condition which profoundly affects community life and social relationships. All have been shaped in varying detail but common outline by circumstances peculiar to Hawaii. All have common problems and have been similarly affected by changing socioeconomic conditions of Hawaii and the rest of the world. What is true of Maunaloa is in large measure true of all other Hawaiian pineapple towns.

The data assembled here were derived in part from five years of service, from 1938 to 1943, as an administrative employee of Libby, McNeill and Libby, the corporation which operates Maunaloa plantation. During most of this period I lived in Maunaloa or one of two other plantation towns of the corporation on the islands of Oahu and Maui. In the course of my work I visited Maunaloa often, and I resided there continuously for fifteen months during 1940 and 1941. Military service took me away from Hawaii in 1943, and I did not see Maunaloa again until late 1946, when a visit of a few weeks gave me some idea of post-

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