At War in the Gulf: A Chronology

At War in the Gulf: A Chronology

At War in the Gulf: A Chronology

At War in the Gulf: A Chronology

Synopsis

The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990, unleashed a conflict that had both diplomatic and military fronts. Using contemporary accounts and recently released military documents, Col. Arthur H. Blair, USA (Ret.), traces both fronts as they developed day by day. Efforts to avoid war, coalition formation, mobilization of public support, military build-up in a foreign desert--all of these aspects of Desert Shield are presented in clear detail. Then, from the beginning of the air war through the final ground assault, Blair recounts troop movements, tactics, munitions, and casualties leading to the unconditional surrender of Saddam Hussein on February 28, 1991. With military maps of principal troop movements and photographs of many of the stunningly accurate aircraft and tanks involved, this chronology puts into sequence and perspective the dramatic events that reshaped global alliances, revitalized the United Nations, and brought victory to the American military. Blair, a twenty-seven-year veteran of the U.S. Army, with combat experience in Korea and Vietnam, is now deputy director of the Mosher Institute for Defense Studies at Texas A&M University and served as a media analyst and commentator during the Gulf crisis. His clear and concise description will provide context and a starting point for scholars, students, and analysts of the war and of the U.S. military. For those who cared about and tried to follow this first technological war as it happened, it brings order and sense to what was at the time a desert whirlwind.

Excerpt

At 0800 hours 28 February 1991, the Coalition forces halted offensive operations against the few Iraqi forces that remained intact after their invasion of Kuwait at 0200 hours 2 August 1990. After a devastating Coalition air campaign which began at 0230 hours 17 January 1991, the ground operations of Desert Storm commenced at 0400 hours 24 February.The total defeat of Iraq by the United Nations-sponsored Coalition in such a few days and with so few allied casualties seemed almost incredible.Many of the weapons used by the Coalition had never been tested in combat, yet proved to be extremely effective. Some of the members of the Coalition forces had been virtually antagonists on the eve of the fighting but fought together in what became a common cause, and a previously ineffective world body, the United Nations (UN), proved that it could function cohesively against aggression.

If the speed of the military victory is almost unbelievable, the success of Pres.George Bush and his administration in forging the Coalition arrayed against Iraq is equally remarkable considering the complex social, political, and economic factors that affect the nations of the Middle East.

If there is one factor that unites the Arab countries of the region, it is an implacable hatred of the nation of Israel.Since that nation was created after World War II, it has enjoyed the support of the United States, and it has lived in a virtual state of war against all the Arab countries in the area.Thanks to Pres.Jimmy Carter's Camp David Accords, Egypt has managed to make some sort of peace with Israel, but even this is a fragile one.Palestinians, who see themselves as victims of Israeli aggression, are scattered in almost all the other nations of the Middle East and, owing allegiance less to the leaders of the nations in which they live than to the cause of a Pales-

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