History of the Allied High Commission for Germany: Its Establishment, Structure and Procedures

History of the Allied High Commission for Germany: Its Establishment, Structure and Procedures

History of the Allied High Commission for Germany: Its Establishment, Structure and Procedures

History of the Allied High Commission for Germany: Its Establishment, Structure and Procedures

Excerpt

This is the first of a series of studies undertaken by the Historical Division dealing with tripartite relationships. Subsequent projects in this field will cover the revision of the Occupation Statute, relations between the Allied High Commission and the German Federal Government, and related topics.

The purpose of this study is to present an historical analysis of the events leading to the setting up of an Allied High Commission. to review the principal facts concerned in its establishment on September 21. 1949, and to describe succinctly the development of its structure and procedures during the first year. These developments are further examined in relation to the revival of postwar German central administrative agencies and the historical evolution of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Chapter I is comprised of a short survey of the factors contributing to the establishment of the Allied High Commission. It emphasizes the decisions of the London Deputy Foreign Ministers' Conference of 1948 and their implementation in the drafting of Western Germany's Basic Law, the Occupation Statute, and the Charter of the Allied High Commission.

Chapter II is devoted to the inauguration of the High Commission. the appointment of the High Commissioners, the fulfillment by Germany of prescribed prerequisites necessary to bring the Occupation Statute and the High Commission Charter into operation, final tripartite preparations for the "take-over" from Military Government, and the formal ceremony on September 21, 1949.

Other chapters present an analysis of the structure and procedures of the High Commission. They deal with the Allied Council, the main committees and sub-committees, the Allied General Secretariat, and the relations with the German Government and with foreign powers.

A number of appendices are added in order to provide the texts of the Occupation Statute, the Agreement as to Tripartite Controls, the Charter of the Allied High Commission, and, although issued subsequent to the period under consideration in this study, the Instrument of Revision of the Charter or the Allied High Commission. In addition, structure charts or the High Commission and the Allied General Secretariat are included.

HAROLD ZINK, Chief Historian . . .

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