Camping: Organization and Operation

Camping: Organization and Operation

Camping: Organization and Operation

Camping: Organization and Operation

Excerpt

Camping has been a part of human experience ever since humans learned to live in a hostile environment. By adapting to the outdoors and learning to obtain food, clothing, and shelter, early people used certain camping skills to sustain themselves. These techniques included trail blazing, water source discovery, and knowledge of animal migratory habits. This accumulation of knowledge contributed to their survival.

Outdoor education, the most ancient form of education, is any nature‐ oriented experience that involves contact with, appreciation for, or knowledge about natural phenomena. It is concerned with the full spectrum of nature, and includes such interesting topics as insects and plant species. Every science related to the outdoors is part of it. The ancestors of homo sapiens who learned to make and control fire, the camper who thrills to the starry night sky, and the spelunker who revels in the underground of a hidden cave—all have been caught up in outdoor education.

The transition from outdoor education to camping techniques, which are familiar to all those who participate in camping, did not occur quickly, nor have all the elements of survival been eliminated. Some of the basic camping skills involve the necessity of finding one's way in the wilderness; applying skills on the trail insofar as marking direction or shelter building is concerned; aquatics; adapting to small groups; and living in harmony with natural surroundings.

Modern camping developed out of the heritage of the pioneering spirit of this country, as well as through efforts of farsighted people who recognized the benefits of outdoor living for participants. Today, camping is an increasingly salient feature of contemporary life wherever it is practiced. Despite its narrow origin as a summer vacation for the young, camping now caters to all age groups, serving those who require special programs as well . . .

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