Symbiotic Planet: A New Look at Evolution


Called "one of the most successful synthetic thinkers in modern biology" by E.O. Wilson, Lynn Margulis has made a career of proposing wild, improbable ideas that later became mainstream science. In this fascinating volume, she shows that cooperation has been as potent a force as competition in the evolution of life.

Margulis taps her vast fund of landmark ideas to show how natural systems working together have guided the course of existence on our planet. She proposes that there are five kingdoms of life rather that just two, a theory that ignited a fierce debate but ultimately changed biologists' most basic map of the living world. From there Margulis presents a compelling case for the importance of symbiosis in not only the emergence of higher organisms but in the evolution of sex, movement, minds, and life on land. Symbiotic Planet will be eagerly sought by anyone with a taste for truly visionary science.

Additional information

Publisher: Place of publication:
  • New York
Publication year:
  • 1998


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