Economic Problems of War

Economic Problems of War

Economic Problems of War

Economic Problems of War

Excerpt

The United States is now engaged in a major war as an active belligerent. The people of this country are aware of this fact. They are aware, too, of the fact that war calls for sacrifices and for the assumption of heavy burdens; that it involves pain, and suffering, and hardship. We as a people are willing to bear all these adversities; we are willing, too, to utilize all our energies in bringing the war to a successful conclusion. Yet, one may well ask whether our people, including those in high political positions, are aware of all that total war involves.

We are a peaceful people. We are, on the whole, a moral people: we have a strong sense of fairness and a great humanitarian spirit. We look forward to peaceful and constructive work; we worship "civilization" and "progress." But total war is the negation of all this--it is brutal; it is immoral; it is destructive; it is barbaric.

Not only does total war involve the negation of all our peacetime values but it involves war on all fronts; on the military front, the psychological front, the economic front. Such war requires great transformations in our habitual methods of conducting our everyday life. It disrupts ordinary activities in a revolutionary manner. It affects our thinking and living, our social, political, and economic institutions, our whole way of life.

It is questionable whether the people of this country are aware of all these implications of the present conflict. It is questionable whether they are now ready to forego the privileges they have been accustomed to enjoy in peacetime, whether they are ready to subject themselves to increasing governmental regimentation, whether they are ready to subordinate their private interests and profits so that an all-out war effort can go forward unimpeded.

We are confident of victory. We feel certain that the United States, associated with the other countries that, constitute the United Nations, will administer a crushing defeat to the Axis. This we may do, but it will be done only if we attack on all our fronts in a coordinated manner. We must succeed on all our fronts, else we lose the war. In the past, winning a war was largely winning on the military front--military maneu-

Author Advanced search

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.