Engineering Psychophysiology: Issues and Applications

Engineering Psychophysiology: Issues and Applications

Engineering Psychophysiology: Issues and Applications

Engineering Psychophysiology: Issues and Applications

Synopsis

This volume promotes engineering psychophysiology as a discipline and demonstrates its value to a new audience who we hope will consist of ergonomists, human factors psychologists, and engineers. The editors use a broad definition of what constitutes engineering, including all aspects of the fields known as human engineering, industrial engineering, and safety and systems engineering. The two goals for the volume are reflected in the subtitle. The Issues section introduces the components critical for the successful application of psychophysiological methods to problems in engineering. The chapters are intended to provide an introduction for the reader who is unfamiliar with psychophysiology and to provide the newcomer to the discipline with an overview of the basic theoretical, measurement, instrumentation, and experimental design questions inherent in the use of psychophysiological methods. The Applications section illustrates the many ways that psychophysiological methods are already being used in engineering applications. A broad definition of application is used to include laboratory and simulation research, as well as field studies, and all of the chapters address questions that are relevant for applying psychophysiological methods in the field. The editor's intent is to stimulate investigators to use these methods in new problem areas; therefore, the content of the chapters varies widely, from reviewing specific psychophysiological measures to reviewing work performed on specific engineering problems.

Excerpt

The purpose of this volume is to promote engineering psychophysiology as a discipline and to demonstrate its value to a new audience who, we hope, will consist of ergonomists, human factors psychologists, and engineers. We use a rather broad definition of what constitutes engineering, including all aspects of the fields known as human engineering, industrial engineering, and safety and systems engineering. We had two goals for this volume that are reflected in its sub. title: Issues and Applications.

The goal for the Issues section is to introduce the components critical for the successful application of psychophysiological methods to problems in engineering. In particular, these chapters are intended to provide an introduction for the reader who is unfamiliar with psychophysiology. They are not comprehensive reviews, nor are they tutorials. Instead, their purpose is to provide the new- comer to the discipline with an overview of the basic theoretical, measurement, instrumentation, and experimental design questions inherent in the use of psychophysiological methods. Chapter 1 provides a very brief historical context of engineering psychophysiology as a discipline, introduces some theoretical constructs (e.g., arousal and stress-strain) and provides a taxonomic bibliography of recent research using the predominant measurement techniques in the field. Chapter 2 reviews the major theoretical approaches (i.e., mental work- load and stress-strain) that form the foundation for much of the research of the discipline. Chapter 3 critiques the classical approach to experimental design in psychophysiology and suggests ways in which research in engineering psychophysiology can and should move beyond the classical approach. Chapter 4 reviews bioelectrical signal processing and illustrates how psychophysiological . . .

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