China's Provincial Statistics, 1949-1989

China's Provincial Statistics, 1949-1989

China's Provincial Statistics, 1949-1989

China's Provincial Statistics, 1949-1989

Excerpt

In this volume, we have recorded systematically and comprehensively the regional economic and social development data for the People's Republic of China (PRC) for the past forty years.It covers the statistics on various aspects of the thirty provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities (directly under the Central Government).

As a matter of record, the statistics are the product of our project entitled "China's Regional Economic Development" sponsored by the University and Polytechnic Grants Committee (UPGC) of Hong Kong Government.The project has been jointly organized by the China's Reform and Development Programme, Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies at The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) in cooperation with the Institute of Quantitative and Technical Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and the Department of Statistics on National Economic Balances, State Statistical Bureau (SSB), the People's Republic of China.The major outcomes of the project, in addition to the statistics, will be another forthcoming volume entitled China's Regional Economic Development, 1949-1989.

It is common knowledge that China's national statistical system has moved a step forward since the implementation of economic opening and reform policy in 1979. It is now a matter of consensus that the establishment of China's national economic statistical system should not only be adapted to the actual needs of national economic management, regional economic development and the rejuvenated national economic activities, but also be comparable to the statistics of other economies in the rest of the world. It is exactly in this spirit that the SSB of the PRC has made its best effort to undertake the project of extending the original MPS (system of material product balances) into the SNA (system of national accounts) as suggested by the United Nations and as already adopted by most member countries.

To complete the task, on the basis of the original statistical data, the SSB has paid great attention to possible adjustments and transformations between these two systems, MPS and SNA, so that a more comprehensive and comparable national economic statistical system can be set up.It is hoped that, under such a consistent framework, the development process of national economic activities from production, distribution, circulation to utilization can be more accurately traced. The system embraces' not only the calibre of economic variables and the scope of their accounting and reckoning in the MPS, such as total product of . . .

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