Latin America: From Dependence to Revolution

Latin America: From Dependence to Revolution

Latin America: From Dependence to Revolution

Latin America: From Dependence to Revolution

Excerpt

This volume of essays is concerned with the major issues of inequality, development, dependency, and participation in several critical countries: Chile, Brazil, and Argentina, nations which today have generated the greatest amount of attention and concern among scholars, policy makers, and political activists in both South America and North America. The essays vary in their approach; close-up, empirical studies as well as broad-range, interpretative, historical essays. By combining an analysis of the present with an interpretation of the past, we can best understand the process of change and rediscovery in the area. My view of Latin America is that the multifaceted polarization emerging will eventually bring about radical structural changes and produce new alignments not only within the continent but in international politics. Polarization is occurring on several levels; on the international level between the U.S. and Latin American nationalists; on the regional level between Chile and Brazil; and on the national level between the industrial elite (and its allies among foreign investors, bankers, and landlords) and the industrial workers and peasants (and their allies among students, white collar workers, and the marginal poor). The focus of these essays is on the social forces and regimes that contribute to or oppose the process of change as well as the policies that are fashioned in pursuit of change or stability.

The polarization within Latin societies is now expressed on the national level; the choice is between the Brazilian and Chilean development . . .

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