The Conceptual Framework of Psychology

The Conceptual Framework of Psychology

The Conceptual Framework of Psychology

The Conceptual Framework of Psychology


Egon Brunswik

I. Experience and the Emergence of the Objective Approach

On its way to becoming a science, psychology had to face certain requirements of procedural policy or general methodology. The issues involved fall into two major groups. One deals with the rigor of fact-finding, inference, and communication. In this respect, there must be methodological unity of psychology with the other sciences, especially physics. In contemporary psychological discussion this requirement is often expressed by saying that we must make psychology an "objective" or an "operational" discipline in the general manner attempted by behaviorism (Chap. I). A second set of problems arises in connection with efforts not to lose sight of the specific tasks of psychology in the process of objectifying it but to establish exact study on an adequate level of complexity, sometimes called "molar" or "functional." The thematic identity of psychology can be, and can only be, established by the recognition and programmatic employment of specific research "designs" and aims relatively uncustomary in the other natural sciences. Such diversity is not only compatible with, but necessary within, the basic unity of the sciences (Chap. II).

1. The Primacy of Mind in Philosophical Dualism. Sensationism

Perhaps in no other science is the problem of objectivity as troublesome and as urgent as in psychology. This is primarily due to the fact that psychology uniquely lends itself to entanglement with dualistic metaphysics.

The rationalist answer to the quest for certainty. Introvert . . .

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