Medieval Logic: An Outline of Its Development from 1250 to C. 1400

Medieval Logic: An Outline of Its Development from 1250 to C. 1400

Medieval Logic: An Outline of Its Development from 1250 to C. 1400

Medieval Logic: An Outline of Its Development from 1250 to C. 1400

Excerpt

There is no scarcity of books on neo-scholastic logic. Yet despite their number, they differ little among themselves. Their common pattern and similar content readily create the impression that here at least is a science that has weathered the vicissitudes of two millennia and is as firm and solid today as it was when Aristotle first completed his Organon. Naturally individual textbooks will vary, but there is a sameness in their very differences, for their variations are always in points of minor detail, for the most part, in the mode of presentation or the length devoted to the treatment of a particular point in their common subject matter. And though they all claim to be "scholastic", it is not to the logic of such textbooks that we refer when we speak, in the following pages, of scholastic logic.

In fact, we even hesitate to call the logic of such textbooks "neo-scholastic", at least if this term be taken in its literal meaning. For this "logic" is in such a state as to provoke the criticism not only of modern non-scholastic logicians, but also of any neo-scholastic versed in the history of his own tradition. The former will deny that it is new; the latter that it is scholastic. At best the modern logician will charitably ignore it. At the worst, he will be tempted to excoriate what he mistakes for the scholastic or even the Aristotelian science and which he designates by that vague, ambiguous and even faulty title of "classical" or "traditional logic". But in either case, the modern logician is convinced that he has little or nothing to learn from the scholastics and that his own logic is essentially different and vastly superior to anything produced in the Middle Ages.

On the other hand, he may be interested in the wider . . .

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