Computer-Assisted Instruction and Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Shared Goals and Complementary Approaches

Computer-Assisted Instruction and Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Shared Goals and Complementary Approaches

Computer-Assisted Instruction and Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Shared Goals and Complementary Approaches

Computer-Assisted Instruction and Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Shared Goals and Complementary Approaches

Synopsis

The fields of computer-assisted instruction and intelligent tutoring systems have had few vehicles for sharing ideas or programs. Different backgrounds and settings meant reading different journals and attending different conferences. The purpose of this book is to foster a mutual understanding of shared issues and contemporary approaches so as to further powerful educational applications of computing. It is unique in drawing on both the intelligent tutoring systems and computer assisted instruction communities.

Each chapter provides an in-depth discussion by leaders in these fields of current work, focusing on instructional programs -- their design, use, and evaluation. The editors and authors have made extensive efforts to ensure each chapter's clarity and readability for both communities.

Excerpt

Jill H. Larkin and Ruth W. Chabay, Editors Center for Design of Educational Computing, Carnegie Mellon University

THE PURPOSE OF THIS BOOK

Two groups of individuals share a vision that computers can provide excellent instruction for large numbers of students. The first of these groups we call developers of computer-assisted instruction (CAI). This group consists predominantly of experienced teachers and educational researchers, with strong backgrounds in the subject matter of their programs. The second group we call developers of intelligent tutoring systems (ITS). This group consists predominantly of researchers in cognitive psychology and computer science who develop principles of learning and apply them in instructional programs.

Unfortunately, these groups have had few vehicles for sharing ideas or programs. Different backgrounds and settings have meant reading different journals and attending different conferences. The purpose of this book is to foster a mutual understanding of shared issues and complementary approaches so as to further powerful educational applications of computing.

The following pages first summarize the complementary, but distinct, approaches of CAI and ITS, and then discuss shared issues toward which these complementary approaches are directed.

COMPLEMENTARY APPROACHES

Central Aims

The aim of CAI programs is to address existing needs of particular groups of students. The CAI developer wants to produce the program that has the best chance of teaching effectively and applies to this end all available experience and expertise. CAI programs are specific and hand-crafted for the domain, topic, and . . .

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